Asian foreign nation philippine relations southeast
Duterte does not speak for all of the Philippines, however, and behind his bluster, alternative centers of powers have been contesting, altering and frustrating the push for a pro-China foreign policy. At first, the Duterte administration adopted a largely sensible policy of strategic diversification, reopening communications channels with China and reducing its dependence on traditional alliances. In effect, the Philippines began to adopt an equilateral balancing strategy, not too dissimilar from the hedging approach of fellow South China Sea claimant states Vietnam and Malaysia. The problem arose when Duterte abandoned this sensible approach in response to Western criticism of his respect for human rights, a consequence of his scorched-earth drug war which has reportedly claimed the lives of thousands of suspected drug dealers.
Duterte and the Philippines’ Contested Foreign Policy
Philippine Foreign Policy | SpringerLink
Rodrigo Duterte. The regional body can congratulate itself on several victories during its five decades of existence. Critics charge that in certain economic sectors the AEC is not really a true free trade agreement, and allows for continued high barriers in many sectors. In addition, since ASEAN was created fifty years ago, at the height of the Vietnam War, there have been few outbreaks of armed conflict between members of the organization.